1) Did Adam, Jacob, Abraham, Noah, Shem, or anyone else prior to Moses’ time follow the Sabbath?
ANSWER: Genesis 26:5 “Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws”.
The word: ‘REMEMBER’ precedes the 4th commandment (Exodus 20:8-11).
And the 4th commandments points us back….to when the 7th day sabbath was created.
2) How do we determine which things to follow from the Old Testament vs those not to?
ANSWER: That, my friend is where Bible study comes in…..of both the OT and the NT.
Without an understanding of the OT, the NT will be misunderstood, as the OT lays a foundation for the NT.
That is why God warned people about Paul’s writings (2 Peter 3:15,16).
Because without a faoundation laid out in the OT, things Pauls’ says are most often misuderstood….such as Colossians 2:14-16.
Why shouldn’t we judge those who eat unclean animals?
Since the Bible says not judge others, but educate them to what the Bible says, OK ?
3) When trying to see your perspective this passage seems to say:
Jews could only eat certain things, had to follow religious festivals, and follow the Sabbath day.
I tell you, don’t let other people tell you what you can or cannot eat, whether to follow the religious festivals, or whether to follow the Sabbath day or not.
The sabbath days contained in the Law of Moses are such sabbaths as Feasts of Unleaven Bread, ect.
These were abolished at the Cross.
The 7th day sabbath contained in the Law of God, which Christ wrote out personally on Mt. Sinai…remains with us today, as Jesus said it would in Matthew 5:17,18.
My analysis could be wrong, what are your thoughts regarding this passage?
That is why it is so important to know what the OT says….as it tells us what are the Laws of Moses, and what are the Laws of God (the 10 commandments, Exodus 20:8-11)