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Tue, Apr 18 2017 - 11:28 AM

A Guide to Help Users in IEEE Citation

What is IEEE Citation?

Engineers, writers and editors belonging from the technical field use the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) style of referencing format set by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers to cite their work. The format is based on Chicago Manuel of Style that is one of the most widely used style guides in the United States. It is commonly accepted referencing style accepted by researchers in technical fields.

The style has three main features that include the following:

·         author’s first name or initials

·         Author’s last name

·         Title of the article in quotation mark

·         Title of the journal or book in italics.

There are the different format in IEEE Referencing Style of each source type, for instance, the website should be formatted differently to an article or book. These conventions allow the reader to distinguish between the types of a reference at first look. 

How to cite in IEEE Style:                                             

When writing a piece of academic work, any source which has been used must be acknowledged by writing a brief in- text citation to avoid plagiarism. IEEE style is a numeric style, where the citation should be numbered and included in the square bracket before any punctuation. There should be a single space before the opening of the square bracket. If the citation has to appear multiple times in the text then the same citation number should be used from the first instance. The author’s name should appear as the first initial followed by the last name. Once a source has been cited, the same number is used in all the succeeding references. Writing any additional bibliographical information such as page number, author’s name, publication dates, etc., in the in-text citation should be avoided. A separate page of reference list or bibliography should be placed at the end of the papers in order they were cited and not in the alphabetical order. Enough information of the source should be provided to the reader in reference paper. Different style formats should be used depending upon the types of referencing sources, for instance, the title of an article is to be enclosed in quotation marks, whereas the title of books and journals should appear in italics.

Following are the examples of IEEE style for different formats:

For A/V Materials:

DVD: I. Holm, Narrator, and J. Fullerton-Smith, Producer, How to Build a Human [DVD]. London: BBC; 2002.

Television Program: T. Jones and P. Williams, Reporters, BP releases report into Gulf of Mexico oil spill. Lateline, 8 Sept., 2010 [Television broadcast]. Sydney: ABC1 Television.

The Internet (Youtube/Vimeo): NRK. "Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles," YouTube, Feb. 26, 2007 [Video file]. Available: [Accessed: Jan. 28, 2014].


For Book Chapters:

Chapter or Article in Edited Book: A. Rezai and M. Allam, "Techniques in array processing by means of transformations, " in Control and Dynamic Systems, Vol. 69, Multidimensional Systems, C. T. Leondes, Ed. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995, pp. 133-180.

An article in an Encyclopaedia: O. B. R. Strimpel, "Computer graphics," in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 8th ed., Vol. 4. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997, pp. 279-283.

For Books:

Single author: W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135

Two or more authors: U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz, Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004.

For Newspaper Articles:

Newspaper articles in print: N. Perpich, "Green groups battle to overturn gas plan," The Australian, p. 2, Sept. 7, 2010.

Newspaper Article from the Internet: C. Wilson-Clark, "Computers ranked as key literacy," The West Australian, para. 3, March 29, 2004. [Online]. Available: [Accessed Sept. 18, 2004].


Automatic citing in IEEE Format:

You can get a citation in IEEE referencing style in seconds by using IEEE citation machine. Citation generator is an online tool that helps the users to generate their citations automatically very easily and quickly. Users can cite their work by using following simple steps:

  1. 1.      Open any search engine that you already have. Type “IEEE citation machine” and hit ‘enter’
  2. 2.      The search engine will provide you with all the citation machines that are available on the internet, right after you hit the enter button. Click on the link that you think is the most relevant.
  3. 3.      After clicking on the most suitable link you will be redirected to the IEEE citation generator.
  4. 4.      When finding the citation generator on the page, enter all the accurate information that is necessary to create the proper citation.
  5. 5.      Choose the format i.e. IEEE and hit the ‘enter’ button.
  6. 6.   You will be provided with the citation generated in IEEE format in just a few clicks.
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Name: leokwall

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About: Ernest Lewis is an academic writer and content marketer who formerly worked at a Digital Marketing Agency.

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